A glimpse into the world of lies and politics.
A glimpse into the world of lies and politics.
Craig Jenkins, Sociologist at Ohio State University, defines advocacy as “any attempt to influence the decision of any institutional elites on behalf of a collective influence”.
There is range of ways that advocacy can be employed, through activities like public speaking, protests, communicating with the media, holding public meetings, petitioning, or protesting (Pekkanen, Smith and Tsujinaka, 2014). Often campaigns arise when a community of people with shared experiences or interests come together to address one or several concerns.
When start starting a campaign research is critical. Research ensures that organisers are knowledgeable on their chosen area, as well as aware of the relevant policy, legislation and similar campaigns. This knowledge can further empower groups allowing them raise theirs concerns in an informed way and make an authoritative call for change (Advocacy Information, n.d.).
However the most effective advocacy helps people to identify issues and concerns:
“The heart of organising is empowering others to speak for themselves” (Pekkanen, Smith and Tsujinaka, 2014).
There are a number of techniques and tools, which can be employed to construct a successful advocacy campaign. By analysing the strengths and weakness of similar campaigns, this case study will identify the methods I intend apply and faults I aim to avoid.
Appetite For Change (AFC) is a United States of America based, non-for-profit organisation, operating out of North Minneapolis. The organisation was founded in early 2011, and is a community led project that aims to strengthens families, creates economic prosperity, and encourages healthy living. AFC uses food as a tool building health, wealth, and social change in the area (Appetiteforchangemn.org, 2016).
“Appetite For Change is committed to using food as a mechanism for addressing racial, social, and economic inequities as well as impacting health disparities. Food can be a powerful tool to build health, wealth and promote positive change in the community.
We believe that when families come together around the dinner table to reclaim the kitchen as a place to bond with and educate children, then communities become stronger and more capable to advocate for themselves and against the injustices they experience. Bringing people together around food is one way to build capacity for creating social, racial and economic justice while bettering communities and making families more powerful agents of change.” (Facebook.com, 2016)
The target audience for the AFP campaign is the middle class community, specifically families living in North Minneapolis. This can be seen through their mission statement, which refers to families and children as groups that they wish to educate and empower. While the specific audience for this campaign is quite specific it is a concern shared by many communities around the world. The events, activities and operations of this campaign may be of interest to a wider audience, looking to replicate a similar organisation in their community.
AFC promote their campaign through their website appetiteforchangemn.org. This platform allows the coordinators to promote their mission and advertise their campaign. This gives their audience a place where they can easily access information, contribute through donations and participate in the campaign.
AFC use make effective use of their website, which is efficient and easy to navigate, unifying the various aspects of the campaign. The campaign uses citizen advocacy to enlighten and empower the community.
Citizen advocacy gives members of the community a voice by involving them in making decision about aspects that affect their lives.
AFC uses citizen advocacy by facilitating community workshops, training and opportunities for members of the community who have a passion for sustainable food systems, local growers and bringing people together. Citizen advocacy often relies on members of the community to volunteer and while AFC has developed so that they are able to offer employment opportunities, the campaign still calls for volunteers, donations, workshop facilitators, as well as people to buy their produce (Scie.org.uk, 2015).
The campaign’s use of citizen advocacy highlights AFC as a strong example of empowering the community to identify issues, be further educated and find their own voice. This is a trait that advocacy should aspire too and one which I aim to implement when constructing my campaign.
AFC have made themselves an establish presence in social media, increasing their audience exposure and access to the Minneapolis community. The campaign utilises Facebook, Twitter and Instagram to promote their cause and keep their audience up to date with the campaign’s operations.
Instagram is their weakest social media presence. With only eight posts, it is clear this profile is not maintained as regularly as their Facebook and Twitter pages. While this is to no detriment to the success of their advocacy, I would argue that their campaign has organically produced some striking images, which clearly portray the their purpose. As an image driven platform, they have the ability to better use Instagram and potentially find a wider audience.
Facebook is where AFC have their strongest audience. The AFC page has more than 2,800 ‘likes’ with a 4.8/5 review rating. The Facebook page gives new individuals a clear snapshot of their story and purpose through the ‘about’ page, providing contact information and their website for further material. The page provides an extensive number of photos from their various activities and workshops as well as provides a calendar of upcoming events. There are videos available, a place to sign up for their newsletter and supporters to donate and contribute to the campaign. This is a clear example of how advocates can use social media to enhance their campaign, provide a centralised location for a variety of information and access new audiences.
The Sydney Food Fairness Alliance (SFFA) is a non-for-profit organisation that was founded in 2005. The alliance promotes food security and an environmentally sustainable food system in Sydney and the surrounding areas, including broader New South Wales, providing a more localised example of an effective food security campaign. SFFA have established a network by coordinating rural producers, health professionals, community workers and community based advocates (The Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, 2016).
“Do you want to support local farmers? Are you concerned that some people in Sydney do not have enough to eat? Do you want our food grown using organic, environmentally beneficial techniques?Are you concerned about the loss of agricultural land in the Sydney Basin? Do you want to help every person, regardless of status or income, get reliable access to affordable fresh and healthy food?
Then please join us!
We are a group of ordinary people working towards equal access to nourishing food and promoting fair food prices for farmers and consumers.We encourage every person to support local, environmenally sustainable farming.Buy your fresh food direct from the farmgate, join a cooperative, or a try using a box delivery provider.” (Facebook.com, 2016)
Similar to the AFC, SFFA had quite a specific audience, targeting middle class Australians living in Sydney and broader New South Wales. The issues and concerns are particularly relevant for people working in a number of industries including agriculture, permaculture, organic food and hospitality. However the campaign promotes itself as encompassing a wide variety of members from the community, suggesting their audience may not be as specific as AFC. Again the issues and concerns highlighted by the organization are prevalent across Australia and the world. Therefore people who do not fit this specific audience but have similar concerns for their area may use this campaign as a reference.
SFFA makes effective uses of their website, allowing visitors to navigate their various resources and features of the campaign. However, aesthetically their website is not as appealing or as easy to navigate as the AFC page. The website appears to be slightly crowded and dull, lacking in the clarity which may dissuade new viewers. While it may match the AFC campaign with resources and information available, the appearance and navigability could be improved.
SFFA is another strong example of citizen advocacy, using their website and social media to educate and empower the community. While their website might not be clear, their have a strong presence on both Twitter and Facebook.
Their Twitter pages clearly states their purpose and is used regularly, reaching more than 1,100 ‘followers’. Their tweets link relevant information in the media, providing their audience with stimulating and relevant content while also keeping them informed. Their Twitter profile links audiences back to their website and to their Facebook page for more information on their campaign.
The SFFA Facebook page is used efficiently to engage campaign supporters and new audiences. The page clearly states their purpose and concerns, concisely communicating their mission and how interested individuals can get more information or contribute to the cause. While their Facebook pages has significantly less ‘likes’ than AFC’s it also is successful in using the platform correlate information, promoting their work through photos, advertising upcoming events and showcasing relevant media stories.
Effective advocacy should to insight change in a direct and empowering way. A successful campaign encourages and supports to individuals to speak out for themselves and enact change, “this is the goal, which underpins all forms of high quality advocacy” (Scie.org.uk, 2015).
I believe both campaigns are good examples of advocacy though empowerment, something that I aspire to replicate in my campaign. By highlighting the various strengths and weaknesses in SFFA and AFC I hope to be able to generate a effective food security campaign which uses videos, articles and social media platforms including Facebook and Instagram to draw wider audiences while educating and empowering my community.
I have recently viewed a TEDx talk by Patty Cantrell, which communicates many of the ideas that I wish to advocate in my campaign. Her concerns and the issues she speaks about are shared all around the world and this is what I have chosen this issue for my campaign.
You can view her talk here:
Slow Food refers to a movement that began in Italy in 1986. It emerged as a response to the fast food industry and now has over 100,000 followers in 130 countries (Andrews, 2016). Australia is among them, with cook and food author, Maggie Beer, introducing Slow Food to the country in 1995.
Slow Food Australia states that the goal of the movement is “the protection of our unique biodiversity and local food traditions”. These values have becomes increasingly important as Western cultures, such as ours, become increasingly dependent on having quick and cheap access to almost anything, all year around (Petrini, 2003) Food is no exception. Fast food allows snacks and meals to be eaten quickly, with minimal cost or thought. The Slow Food movement disputes this lifestyle and encourages people to recognise the variety of food, as well as the places and people who produce it.
Slow Food recognises a number of positive impacts that people can make by supporting the campaign. Reducing the effects of climate change, decreasing food wastage and raising awareness of global hunger are among the benefits of the movement.
Slow Food Australia states:
“Our philosophy is for everyone to have access to Good, Clean and Fair Food.
(‘About Us – Slow Food Australia’ 2016).
Senior Lecturer at the University of Sydney, Dr. Alana Mann, is a published advocate for human rights and food politics. Her passion and roles as an advocate is communicated through her book, Global Activism in Food Politics: Power Shift. Mann investigates the structural inequalities within our food system, promoting the slow food movement (Mann, n.d.). In an online article Mann highlights that “relocating control of food production and distribution to growers and eaters rather than corporations requires the mobilisation of publics of citizens committed to resolving the public problem that is our food system” (Mann, 2015).
Alice Waters is a restaurant owner and spoke to ABC Radio Nation about her involvement in the Slow Food movement:
You can find more about Alice Waters and the interview on the ABC website.
Like many countries across the world, Australia, has become accustomed to having access to any food 12 months of the year. Much of this can be attributed to large chains such as Woolworths and Coles (Wesfarmers), which makes up about 80% of supermarket sales. Combine this with alcohol and petrol retail and these two companies alone own 40% of Australia’s retail. This level of influence in the share market makes it easier for these companies to negatively impact small and independent businesses (Supermarkets in Australia Shop Ethical, 2016).
This influence was made evident after Murray Goulburn and Fonterra dairy companies announced they were cutting the price they’d pay for milk, earlier this year. To support local dairy farmers during this time, Australians were encouraged to purchase name-brand milk, only to have Coles and Woolworths reduce the number of branded milk available on their shelves. Both companies were additionally accused of hiding name-brand milk out the back so that customers were forced to buy Coles and Woolworths milk (Bailey, 2016). This example demonstrates the control and influence chain supermarket hold over our choices as consumers, and why movements such as Slow Food are so important.
The media has the ability to have a significant impact. While in some instances the mainstream media promotes local produces and businesses, they often advocate for bulk savings for the Australian family. While this may give idea of saving, often fridges and pantries become a location for poor choices and food wastage. Our consumer society has trained us to see bigger as better. The Australian public feel the need to cook a new meal every night and supermarkets have glamorised perfection in our food, leading the huge volumes of food being discarded every day (Prtichard, 2014).
My advocacy campaign, Live Local will take a more focused and personal approach. The campaign will empower individuals to make a change that can have a direct impact on their local city or town. The campaign will use a Facebook page and blog to encourage people to move away from supermarket chains such as Woolworths and Coles, and instead support small businesses and buy local produce. This will be achieved by sharing the negative impacts these huge companies have as well as advertising local markets, produces stores and small business from various locations, with a scope surrounding the NSW South Coast.
Want to know more about the Slow Food movement and its operation in New South Wales? Check out Milkwood:
For my upcoming JRNL102 Assessment I have decided to continue using the cinema theme. Working at a cinema myself, there are many sounds and experiences that I have become accustomed. Through my sound portrait I hope to be able to evoke that feeling you get when walking into the cinema. I want my audience to feel like they can smell the popcorn and taste their coke when they listen, reminding them how great going to the cinema can be.
I’ve chosen the cinema I work at, ‘The Roxy Cinema Complex’, not only because I have a connection with it myself but the building is very old, just celebrating it’s 80th birthday. My colleague Mason is one of the longest working employee’s and therefore I have chosen him to interview for the portrait. After working at the cinema for more than 5 years he has a very strong connection with the cinema and I feel that after working at the cinema for so long, his story of the cinema experience will help the audience feel a sense of connection.
To do this I am going to use mostly ambient sounds like popcorn, pouring drinks and people talking in the foyer to create the real feeling of being at the movies. This cut with my interview with Mason hopefully will create and uplifting feeling with the audience.
My purpose isn’t necessarily to tell a new story, but tell a simple everyday story that is relatable and made special.
“…to capture the spirit of what we air, is think of our news cast as a screaming woman running down the street with her throat cut.”
I’d never seen a film quite like this. It’s the perfect dark and thrilling snapshot that manages to capture everything that can be wrong with the media. I work at a cinema, a job I absolutely love, so I knew about the upcoming release of Jake Gyllenhaal’s Nightcrawler late last year. However I hadn’t heard much about the film… The trailer, which I saw again and again during each of my shifts, was gripping and intense, sparking my attention as something I might want to see if I could find some time. So when a group of my friends from work invited me to see it, I responded with an instant ‘hells yeah’! But it wasn’t at all what I’d expected… Nightcrawler is set in L.A and follows Lou Bloom a man who is desperate for work. Lou manages to force his way into criminal journalism, filming horrific events and accidents, as they happen, in order to sell the footage to the highest bidders – television stations grappling for graphic footage to boost viewer ratings. He blurrs the lines between documenting these crimes and taking part in them himself and is completely blinded by his growing success and ego as he partners with TV-news veteran Nina. Gyllenhaal’s character consumed me… a greasy, egotistical sociopath who holds no regard for human life. It was almost unbearable to watch his character who holds no morals and does anything to get the footage in order to make the money he wants – regardless of the cost to human life. As we began discussing “who owns the media?” in our Communications and Media lecture (BCM110), last week and “does it matter who owns the media?” I very quickly though of Nightcrawler. This film makes a very important message about the media and who controls it. It challenges us to think carefully about what we see and how it has been manufactured to make us view things in a certain way. This creates a question surrounding the reliability of the information we are given by the media, as it will always be influence by bias from those who control it. It is incredibly tempting to dive deeper, and continue writing but I know I’ll only end up ruining my next blog post which will discuss whether or not it matters who owns the media… Watch this space because my blog post about this will be up in the next day or so. I cannot recommend this film highly enough, especially for Journalism and Media Communications students! But also if you feel like being challenged to think about much darker areas within the media world… or just feel like watching a movie that will keep you transfixed, leaning forward and desperate to know what’ll happen next… Take a look at the trailer below and enjoy! 🙂 – H. x
Reference: IMDb – Nightcrawler (2014)
“They were familiar with dressing up girls, but they weren’t expecting me.” Meet Casey: a gay activist, a former Olympic swimmer and now the world’s first female male model. The story of the New York based, 37-year-old engrossed me when I stumbled upon it on Thursday and was something I have been discussing ever since. I believe that Casey is not only an inspiration for the LGBT community, but to young adults everywhere, encouraging us to be real about who we are and not be afraid to share it with those around us! For more on Casey’s story click here.
Advocating for people to live sustainably in their local community.
19 year old cruisin' through life eating expensive cheese and drinking cheap wine
Its the little things
Look at this costumed, band of misfits..... Can I join?
Bystanding the chaos, yet fully immersed in it
Some kind of journey.
ah well.. writeo
Visual and literal musings that reflect our strangely wonderful society
The art of writing is discovering what you believe
18 | Journalism | Photography